In our Private Tour we will introduce you to the fascinating personality of King Philip II and the greatest achievement of his life: the Escorial Monastery. We will also visit a 20th century engineering marvel: the Valley of the Fallen (Valle de los Caídos).
We will pick you up at your hotel and then drive by private car to the MONASTERY OF SAN LORENZO DEL ESCORIAL. This spectacular historical wonder presides over the Madrid sierra with its 4 corner towers 45 meters high comprising an area of 207m x 161m which is contained within an architectural complex enclosing 2600 windows (296 of them facing outwardly) – 1200 Doors – 86 staircases – 88 fountains – 16 patios – 15 cloisters and 9 towers built under the guidance of Juan de Herrera, a genius of Renaissance architecture. The Monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial is an astounding proof of architectural, artistic and historical brilliance, which unravels the psychology and world view of the monarchs of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. It should be noted that the monastery was also a convent which was used as the home of 100 priests belonging to the order of St. Jerome. It also served as a royal palace with its royal library, an important college, a church for the kings and a luxurious mausoleum where the ashes of the kings of Spain (with the exception of Philip V and Ferdinand VI) from Charles I onwards rest in peace.
The VALLEY OF THE FALLEN is a great example of how a highly controversial concept of power is reflected in a monumental work of twentieth-century architectural engineering. A huge granite cross measuring 150 meters, the highest in the world, overlooks a pasture of 1,365 acres. A tunnel dug deep into the hard rock on which the cross was erected, 250 meters in length, contains the graves of General Francisco Franco, dictator of Spain from 1939 to 1975, José Antonio Primo de Rivera, a falangist leader assasinated at the early stages of the civil conflict and many others killed during the bloody Spanish Civil War.
Our customers will enjoy, if they so desire, a simple but tasty meal in the Hospedería del Valle (Guesthouse of the Valley), which is a very appropriate place to enjoy an atmosphere of serene quietness and satisfy one’s appetite.
Prices in €uros per tour, NOT per person (21 % VAT to be added)